A counterthesis was prepared by a Dominican theologian and defended before a Dominican audience at Frankfurt in January 1518.
When Luther realized the extensive interest his tentative theses had aroused, he prepared a long Latin manuscript with explanations of his Ninety-five Theses, published in the autumn of 1518.
The fact was emphasized that money was being collected from poor people and sent to the rich papacy in Rome, a point popular with the Germans, who had long resented the money they were forced to contribute to Rome.
Subsequently, the Archbishop of Mainz, alarmed and annoyed, forwarded the documents to Rome in December 1517, with the request that Luther be inhibited.
Outraged at what he considered grave theological error, Luther wrote the Ninety-five Theses.
The theses were tentative opinions, about some of which Luther had not decided.Indulgences were the commutation for money of part of the temporal penalty due for sin—i.e., the practical satisfaction that was a part of the sacrament of penance.They were granted on papal authority and made available through accredited agents.Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!Further misunderstanding developed after Pope Sixtus IV extended indulgences to souls in purgatory.The often outrageous statements of indulgence sellers were a matter of protest among theologians.Staupitz called upon Luther to succeed him as the university's professor of the Bible, a post he held for the rest of his life.In preparation for his university lectures in 1513, especially on the letters of Paul, Luther resolved his turmoil.The immediate cause of scandal in Germany in 1517 was the issue of an indulgence that was to pay for the rebuilding of St. But by secret agreement of which most Germans, probably including Luther, were unaware, half the proceeds of the German sales were to be diverted to meet the huge debt owed to the financial house of Fugger by the archbishop and elector Albert of Mainz, who had incurred the debt in order to pay the Pope for appointing him to high offices.Such a prince could not afford to be squeamish about the methods and language used by his agents, and the agent in Germany, the Dominican Johann Tetzel, made extravagant claims for the indulgence he was selling.