iterary work that attacks or pokes fun at vices, abuses, stupidity, and/or any other fault or imperfection.Satire may make the reader laugh at, or feel disgust for, the person or thing satirized.Each year, several hundred thousand babies are born to Irish parents.
An extremely important part of my proposal is that it would eliminate the need to raise taxes to support the poor, thereby enabling the rich to continue to enjoy all their luxuries.
In addition, English landlords would not have to show mercy to their Irish tenants.
For more about Swift's use of irony, see "Irony," below.
The dominant figure of speech in "A Modest Proposal" is verbal irony, in which a writer or speaker says the opposite of what he means.
Impishly or sardonically, it criticizes someone or something, using wit and clever wordingand sometimes makes outrageous assertions or claims.
The main purpose of a satire is to spur readers to remedy the problem under discussion.I think the advantages by the proposal which I have made are obvious and many, as well as of the highest importance." He next lists the advantages, using transitional words such as secondly and thirdly to move from one point to the next." He ends the conclusion by explaining why his proposal is superior to other remedies.Keep in mind that throughout the body and conclusion Swift makes his argument with irony, stating the opposite of what he really means.In turn, the Irish tenants would have enough money to pay their high rents, thanks to the sale of their children.The complete title of "A Modest Proposal" is "A Modest Proposal for preventing the children of poor people in Ireland, from being a burden on their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the publick." In "A Modest Proposal," Swift uses a standard essay format: an opening that presents the topic and thesis (the "modest proposal"), a body that develops the thesis with details, and a conclusion.Swift's masterly use of this device makes his main argumentthat the Irish deserve better treatment from the Englishpowerful and dreadfully amusing.For example, to point out that the Irish should not be treated like animals, Swift compares them to animals, as in this example: "I rather recommend buying the children alive, and dressing them hot from the knife, as we do roasting pigs." Also, to point out that disease, famine, and substandard living conditions threaten to kill great numbers of Irish, Swift cheers their predicament as a positive development: Some persons of a desponding spirit are in great concern about that vast number of poor people, who are aged, diseased, or maimed, and I have been desired to employ my thoughts what course may be taken to ease the nation of so grievous an encumbrance.In the opening, the author states the problem: the deplorable economic and social conditions that impoverish the Irish and prevent them from providing adequate care for their children.Before presenting the thesis, he inserts the following transitional sentence: "I shall now therefore humbly propose my own thoughts, which I hope will not be liable to the least objection." He follows this sentence with the thesis, then presents the details in the body of the essay.Most of those who remained in Ireland lived in poverty, facing disease, starvation, and prejudice.It was this Ireland Because so many Irish parents cannot find decent jobs to support their children, they spend all their time walking the streets to beg alms of passersby.