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The day was called Bloody Sunday; the Revolution had begun. Constant protesting and striking caused the Tsar to declare the October Manifesto.In it, he agreed to a new constitution and pledged a nationally elected parliament, which was called the Duma.
As a result, worker strikes and general discontent were commonplace.
The workers, in a unitary effort, turned into a formidable force against both factory management and the government. At times, the strikes were for political aims, and other times they were economic.
On Sunday, 9 January 1905, a peaceful protest was organized by Father Gapon to bring social welfare and economic concerns to the attention of the tsar.
As Palmer posits, the crowds chanted, “God save the tsar.” The Tsar was absent, and the panicking troops shot and killed several hundred protesters.
As the result of the weak leadership of Tsar Nicholas II, Russia lost the war and suffered humiliation.
Assignment Of Llc Interest - Bolshevik Revolution Essay
Russian people everywhere felt this devastating humiliation and loss of life.Aided by brutal defeats and unprecedented loss of life in two wars, the Russian revolutions of 19 were the collective backlash of the masses against the corrupt, incompetent, and uncaring autocracy of the Tsarist Regime which was unable and unwilling to change with the times.Moreover, the revolutions hardly yielded the type of productive and egalitarian change that masses called for.There were many precursors for the 1917 revolutions, which started in February and ended in October.Failed tsarist economic policies that caused food shortages, general dis-enchantment with the tsarist autocracy, a burgeoning and increasingly radical and revolutionary proletariat and intellectual class, proliferation of revolutionary journals and newspapers that advocated violent regime overthrow, hyper-inflation, and murderous peasant uprisings in the countryside are among the major precursors of the first phase.Meanwhile, Rasputin and the Tsarina “began to exercise a disastrous influence over ministerial appointments.” The autocracy became increasingly more strained during the early stages of World War I.“Food had become scarce…the tsarist administration was too clumsy…too demoralized by graft to institute controls.”With the Tsar away, anger and hunger increased the overall discontent felt and expressed towards the government. Unlike 1905, the people were no longer chanting support for the Tsar.The revolution also exposed a weak and inept Tsar who was out of the touch with the masses, and lacked any vision for bringing change to Russia.The immediate causes of the 1905 revolution were failed state-level leadership and policy, inflation poverty, hunger, Russo-Japanese War, the rise of reformer and revolutionary groups, and Bloody Sunday.Human society is continuously shaped by social, political, and technological developments.Some societies reject these developments and others embrace them.