Cuban Missile Crisis Essay

In response to Stalin’s military movements, President Harry Truman issued the Truman Doctrine in 1947.In his address to Congress, President Truman asked that the United States would aid any country that asked for help in resisting communism.After Stalin’s death, Nikita Khrushchev took over the Communist Party. He said that the Soviet Union would follow a policy of “peaceful coexistence” with the West.

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The Cold War was a struggle between the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union.

Although direct military conflict never took place, diplomatic and economic struggles occurred.

A year later, the Soviet Union also tested a hydrogen bomb.

Both countries developed rockets that had nuclear warheads.

After extensive consultation with his foreign policy and military advisers, Kennedy blockaded Cuba on October 22, 1962.

The two sides stood on the brink of nuclear war, but Khrushchev capitulated six days later and the missiles were dismantled.In response to NATO, the Soviet Union formed a similar pact between seven Eastern European countries called the Warsaw Treaty Organization, or Warsaw Pact.The countries involved along with the Soviet Union were Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania.In the early 1960’s, new tensions arose between the United States and the USSR when Fidel Castro openly embraced communism and allied with the Soviet Union.Anastas Mikoyan, the Soviet First Deputy Prime Minister, negotiated this alliance.The Cold War began when Joseph Stalin, leader of the Communist Party, used the Red Army to take control of most of the countries of Eastern Europe.The United States as well as Western European countries were greatly concerned.While these pacts were forming, the United States and the Soviet Union were in an arms race.They were building lots of nuclear weapons, trying to outproduce each other so that neither dare attack. By 1952, the United States tested a hydrogen bomb, a bomb more powerful than an atomic bomb.In May 1960, Khrushchev began to ship ballistic missiles to Cuba and technicians to operate them.He believed that President Kennedy was weak and would not react to the Soviet move.


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