Gouverneur Morris and William Duer were also considered.However, Morris turned down the invitation, and Hamilton rejected three essays written by Duer.
In 1818, Jacob Gideon published a new edition with a new listing of authors, based on a list provided by Madison.
The difference between Hamilton's list and Madison's formed the basis for a dispute over the authorship of a dozen of the essays.
However, they were only irregularly published outside New York, and in other parts of the country they were often overshadowed by local writers.
Because the essays were initially published in New York, most of them begin with the same salutation: "To the People of the State of New York".
Morris, the essays that make up The Federalist Papers are an "incomparable exposition of the Constitution, a classic in political science unsurpassed in both breadth and depth by the product of any later American writer." On June 21, 1788, the proposed Constitution had been ratified by the minimum of nine states required under Article VII.
Towards the end of July 1788, with eleven states having ratified the new Constitution, the process of organizing the new government began.
Hamilton, Madison and Jay published the essays at a rapid pace.
At times, three to four new essays by Publius appeared in the papers in a single week.
He enlisted John Jay, who after four strong essays (Federalist Nos.
2, 3, 4, and 5), fell ill and contributed only one more essay, Federalist No. Jay also distilled his case into a pamphlet in the spring of 1788, An Address to the People of the State of New-York; Hamilton cited it approvingly in Federalist No. James Madison, present in New York as a Virginia delegate to the Confederation Congress, was recruited by Hamilton and Jay and became Hamilton's primary collaborator.