Essay On Higher Education In Bihar

Essay On Higher Education In Bihar-84
Of these, at least 2,00,000 vacancies are in Bihar’s government elementary schools.As the first part of this series observed, literacy rates and learning outcomes are some of the lowest in the BIMARU (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh) states.

Of these, at least 2,00,000 vacancies are in Bihar’s government elementary schools.As the first part of this series observed, literacy rates and learning outcomes are some of the lowest in the BIMARU (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh) states.Educationists say that so far as access to higher education is concerned, Bihar is way behind other states.

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The teacher shortage is mostly in primary school, with one teacher for every 36 students, India’s lowest rate after Uttar Pradesh, according to the U-DISE Flash Statistics 2015-16.

The Indian average pupil teacher ratio in primary school is 23.

Sinha said instead of wasting its energy on pay verification and other futile exercises, the state government should concentrate on improving the infrastructure of the existing colleges and universities, starting model institutions of higher education and initiating the process of appointment of teachers against vacant posts.

“Unless our institutions are made globally competitive, students would continue to migrate to other states,” he added.

As per National Knowledge Commission’s recommendations, there should have been 50 universities in the state keeping in view its population.

The recent government move to convert 50 selected colleges into centres of excellence is also moving at a snail's pace.With nearly 28% of its population aged five to 14 (28.9 million), Bihar reported 23.4 million students in elementary school in 2015-16 and 46,7,877 teachers (even including schools where primary, upper primary and secondary levels co-existed, and teachers on temporary contract), according to government education data.Bihar should have 746,479 teachers in elementary school, according to the pupil teacher ratio criterion of 1 teacher for every 30 students in primary school and one teacher for every 35 students in upper primary.“There is an acute shortage of engineering, medical and polytechnic institutions in the state, compelling a vast majority of the youth to migrate to other states,” he said.To attain the national level, the state needs additional 373 general colleges (arts, science and commerce), 236 engineering colleges, 139 medical colleges, 253 education colleges and 163 polytechnics.The GER in higher education in Bihar is just about 8% against the national average of about 20% and even below Jharkhand and Rajasthan.The GER is the ratio of students between 18 and 23 years of age enrolled in higher education institutions against the entire population in that age group.But all these institutions are catering to the needs of only a microscopic section of state’s youths.Expressing his serious concern over the sluggish growth of higher education in the state, Federation of University Teachers’ Associations of Bihar (Futab) working president Kanhaiya Bahadur Sinha said the number of good colleges for talented students is much less than desired.Nearly 5% of children from Bihar aged six to 14 years are estimated to be out of school, according to this 2015 human resource development ministry education profile.Of those out of school, 55% children were never enrolled and 25% dropped out of school.

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