Essay On Kashmir Conflict

Right now, this highly popular insurgency can only be termed as a colossal tragedy wilfully overlooked and unnoticed by the world.On the Margins The insurgency in Kashmir began around the time the Soviet Union collapsed, Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait, and Francis Fukuyama announced the ‘End of History’. For the world at large, Kashmir has always remained a sideshow compared to the much bloodier wars and insurgencies elsewhere.This, for a total population of around 12 million residents.

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This resistance has, however, come at a gargantuan cost.

Since 2013, for every Indian soldier or policeman killed, about two insurgents have been killed.

A month earlier he had been canvassing for student elections in one of the most prestigious Indian universities, the Aligarh Muslim University.

Media reports suggested that harassment by Indian troops at a highway check post led him to the decision, exposing just how thin the line between a normal life and a life marked for death can be.

, that the average insurgency post-1945 has lasted 14 years.

The Kashmir insurgency is still going strong and has entered an unprecedentedly resurgent mode in its 30th year.At least 14,000 civilians have been killed since 1990 and more than 5,000 have been subjected to enforced custodial disappearance by Indian forces. Local rights and resistance groups put the total casualties between 65,000 and 80,000).If it were not for the support of the local population (6 million in the Kashmir Valley), the Indian forces could round up and wipe out the 200-odd armed insurgents currently leading the revolt in half a day.Such a sweep, it turns out, would do the Indian state no good either.Because, reportedly, at Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s prodding the Indian army started ‘Operation All Out’ to kill all the militants by the end of 2017, only to find out that even after killing 215 militants (the total strength at the beginning of the year), there were about 200 more at the end of the year.It is not close to even a compromised solution agreeable to the three conflicting parties: Kashmiris, India and Pakistan.How does one then evaluate the three decades of the anti-India revolt in Kashmir keeping in mind the inadequacy of the typical success-failure binary at this stage?What keeps the insurgency alive In a nutshell, Kashmiri Muslims and Pakistani support are the primary reasons behind the longevity of the Kashmiri resistance to the occupation by the regional superpower India.But the real oxygen for resistance is India’s iron-fisted policies and defiance.Boot also states that since 1945, although the success rate for insurgents has gone up to 40.3 percent, counterinsurgents still won 50.8 percent of the wars.The Kashmir insurgency also appears to be nowhere near any of its stated goals – independence or merger with Pakistan.

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