American forces under the command of General William Hull started marching from Ohio toward Fort Detroit (site of present day Detroit, Michigan) in late May 1812.
The plan was for Hull's forces to invade Canada, and the proposed invasion force was already in position by the time war was declared.
Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Although neither Britain nor France initially accepted the U. The British weren’t eager for another conflict, having fought Napoleon for the better part of the previous 20 years, but weren’t fond of American commercial support of the French either.
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work! It ended with the exchange of ratifications of the Treaty of Ghent. S.’s neutral rights to trade with the other—and punished U. ships for trying to do so—France had begun to temper its intransigence on the issue by 1810. The divisions in American sentiment about the war similarly split, oftentimes along geographic lines: New Englanders, particularly seafaring ones, were against it.
During the first three decades of American independence there was a general feeling in the country that the British government had very little respect for the young United States.
And during the Napoleonic Wars the British government actively sought to meddle with—or completely suppress—American trade with European nations.Representing the views of Americans living in the West, Clay believed that war with Britain would not only restore American prestige, it would also provide a great benefit to the country—an increase in territory.An openly stated goal of the western War Hawks was for the United States to invade and seize Canada.The War of 1812 is generally thought to have been provoked by American outrage over the impressment of American sailors by the Britain's Royal Navy.And while impressment—British military ships boarding American merchant ships and taking away the sailors to serve for them—was a major factor behind the declaration of war by the United States against Britain, there were other significant issues fueling the American march toward war.But British actions, and a continuing drumbeat for war in the U. Congress, seemed destined to make make a new war with Britain unavoidable.Henry Clay (1777–1852), a leader of the War Hawks, was a young member of Congress from Kentucky.Though patriotism often ran high, and was boosted by some of the successes of the underdog U. Navy, the general feeling in some parts of the country, particularly New England, was that the war had been a bad idea.As it became obvious that the war would be costly and might prove to be impossible to win militarily, the desire to find a peaceful end to the conflict intensified.A young lawyer in New England, Daniel Webster, delivered an eloquent address about the war on July 4, 1812.Webster noted that he opposed the war, but as it was now national policy, he was obligated to support it.