Essay War Against Terrorism

This is a dispute over the neutrality of viewpoints or other implications of the title, or the subject matter within its scope, rather than the actual facts stated.Wikipedia articles may have only one unique title; the use of the current title does not imply an endorsement of that title.A small number of "Afghan Arab" volunteers joined the fight against the Soviets, including Osama bin Laden, but there is no evidence they received any external assistance.

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The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks against the United States. Bush first used the term "war on terrorism" on 16 September 2001, The term was originally used with a particular focus on countries associated with al-Qaeda. President Barack Obama announced on that the Global War on Terror was over, saying the military and intelligence agencies will not wage war against a tactic but will instead focus on a specific group of networks determined to destroy the U. However, the unexpected rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) terror group—also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)—led to a new operation against terror in the Middle East and South Asia, Operation Inherent Resolve.

The targets of the campaign are primarily Sunni Islamist fundamentalist armed groups located throughout the Muslim world, with the most prominent groups being Al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, the Taliban, Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, and the various franchise groups of the former two organizations. The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Criticism of the War on Terror focused on morality, efficiency, and economics; some, including later president Barack Obama, objected to the phrase itself as a misnomer. Bush used the phrase war on terrorism in an ostensibly unscripted comment when answering a journalist's question about the impact of enhanced law enforcement authority given to the U. surveillance agencies on Americans' civil liberties: "This is a new kind of—a new kind of evil. And the American people are beginning to understand.

The hijackers crashed a third jet airliner into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, just outside Washington, D. The fourth jet airliner crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and flight crew attempted to retake control of the jet airliners, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington D. It authorized the President to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on 11 September 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or individuals.

Congress declares this is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution of 1973. Bush administration defined the following objectives in the War on Terror: Operation Enduring Freedom is the official name used by the Bush administration for the War in Afghanistan, together with three smaller military actions, under the umbrella of the Global War on Terror.

Bush delivered an ultimatum to the Taliban government of Afghanistan, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, to turn over Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda leaders operating in the country or face attack. On 7 October 2001, the official invasion began with British and U. forces conducting airstrike campaigns over enemy targets. It is believed that Osama bin Laden escaped into Pakistan during the battle. The Taliban suffered heavy casualties and evacuated the region.

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Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan, fell by mid-November. Throughout southern and eastern Afghanistan, firefights broke out between the surging Taliban and Coalition forces.

Next came the 2000 millennium attack plots, which included an attempted bombing of Los Angeles International Airport. On the morning of 11 September 2001, nineteen men hijacked four jet airliners all bound for California.

On 12 October 2000, the USS Cole bombing occurred near the port of Yemen, and 17 U. Once the hijackers assumed control of the jet airliners, they told the passengers that they had a bomb on board and would spare the lives of passengers and crew once their demands were met – no passenger and crew actually suspected that they would use the jet airliners as suicide weapons since it had never happened before in history, and many previous hijacking attempts had been resolved with the passengers and crew escaping unharmed after obeying the hijackers. A total of 2,977 victims and the 19 hijackers perished in the attacks.

The remaining al-Qaeda and Taliban remnants fell back to the rugged mountains of eastern Afghanistan, mainly Tora Bora. Coalition forces responded with a series of military offensives and an increase of troops in Afghanistan.

In February 2010, Coalition forces launched Operation Moshtarak in southern Afghanistan along with other military offensives in the hopes that they would destroy the Taliban insurgency once and for all.

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