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In 1953, as part of her world-wide tour, she had extended visits with Tito and Nehru, spending weeks with them discussing politics, religion, micro-credit, and publishing their conversations as part of her campaign for world understanding.In 1957, she traveled to Russia to interview premier Nikita Krushchev, only to have the interview turn into a spirited debate.On Monday, I posted my nominees for ten Cold War histories worth reading.
When the NAACP, the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA), and other organizations to which she belonged were accused of being "soft on communism," ER often served as their honorary chair to signal her strong faith in them and her deep disdain for what she called "the politics of fear." While she opposed the outlawing of the Communist Party and thought a dangerous decision, she preferred to work with organizations that did not have communist members.
As she wrote journalist Max Lerner, "The American Communists seemed to have succeeded very well in jeopardizing whatever the liberals work for.
Eleanor Roosevelt had many responsibilities during the Cold War: delegate to the United Nations, syndicated columnist, human rights activist, and Democratic party leader.
Regardless of the arena in which she operated, ER worked to keep the focus on what democracy represented rather than on how communism threatened it.
Rather than exacerbating wedges among the Big Three powers, by flaunting "tough policy" talk in a futile attempt to stem Soviet aggression, ER argued the administration should focus on strengthening the UN.
The "go-it-alone implications of the Truman Doctrine" were both counterproductive to spreading democracy and detrimental to the UN's development.Since its establishment in August 1991, the Cold War International History Project (CWIHP) has amassed a tremendous collection of archival documents on the Cold War era from the once secret archives of former communist countries.CWIHP has become internationally recognized as the world’s preeminent resource on the Cold War.Linking civil rights at home with democracy abroad, ER insisted the more the nation deferred recognizing the civil rights of all Americans, the more ammunition the Communists had to label democracy hypocritical and ineffective. delegation to the United Nations, she represented the state department; therefore, she could not speak as freely about U. She very much supported Truman's position on the "repatriation" of refugees and, in a deft rebuttal to the Soviet delegation during a debate in the General Assembly, played a key role in securing UN support for resettlement and not "repatriation." Yet, unlike Truman, Churchill and De Gaulle, she opposed the propping up of former British and French colonies in India, Africa, and Indochina.She urged the nation to recognize the severe test it faced, to understand that it was "on trial today to show what democracy means." The international arena presented ER with different challenges. She worried that Churchill had too much influence over Truman, and opposed the former prime minister's "Iron Curtain" call to create a British-American alliance against the Soviet Union.If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.and *.are unblocked.How the Cold War worked Despite much pretence, national security has not been a maj or concern of US planners and elected officials. Few serious analysts took issue with George Kennan's position that "it is not Russian military power which is threatening us, it is Russian political power" (October 1947); or with President Eisenhower's consistent view that the Russians intended no military conquest of Western Europe and that the major role of NATO was to "convey a feeling of confidence to exposed populations, a confidence which will make them sturdier, politically, in their opposition to Communist inroads." Similarly, the US dismissed possibilities for peaceful resolution of the Cold War conflict, which would have left the "political threat" intact.She would return their hospitality by inviting all three leaders to Val-Kill.President Kennedy recognized ER's influence and, after the Bay of Pigs fiasco, asked her to work with Walter Reuther to help get pro-American personnel released from Cuban jails.something we have no capacity to duplicate," as Secretary of State John Foster Dulles privately complained to his brother Allen, CIA director, "The poor people are the ones they appeal to," he added, "and they have always wanted to plunder the rich." So they must be overcome, to protect our doctrine that the rich should plunder the poor.) Of course, both the US and USSR would have preferred that the other simply disappear.But since this would obviously have involved mutual annihilation, a system of global management called the Cold War was established.