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The Marshal showed polite interest, the mildest of curiosity that barely rose above the level of... “Upton Sinclair's The Jungle and Orwell's Animal Farm: A Relationship Explored.” Modern Fiction Studies 30, no. [In the following essay, Cook investigates the influence of Sinclair's The Jungle on Animal Farm.] Although George Orwell tells us that the idea of Animal Farm came from his actual experience of seeing a small boy easily controlling a huge carthorse with a whip, SOURCE: Jones, Myrddin. Utopian fictions (to give definitional priority to the positive side of the genre), being essentially timeless and placeless, cannot be considered only in terms of the time at which they... “Pig and Proletariat: Animal Farm as History.” San Jose Studies 16, no. [In the following essay, Grofman examines aspects of Animal Farm, including its literary roots, its place in didactic literature, and its critical reception.] This essay has a very simple aim: to rescue Animal Farm from the often repeated claim that it is merely a children's story and to demonstrate how closely its events are tied to the events of Soviet political history. “Language as Theme in Animal Farm.” International Fiction Review 19, no. [In the following essay, Elbarbary explores Orwell's use of language in Animal Farm.] George Orwell's repeated insistence on plain, firm language reflects his confidence in ordinary truth.“Orwell, Wells and the Animal Fable.” English: The Journal of the English Association 33, no. This is visible in the language of the narrator in Animal Farm, which is characterized by syntactic tidiness and verbal pithiness. Jones, of the Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the pop-holes”; this is how the narrator begins the fable.Critical Reception Animal Farm is regarded as a successful blend of political satire and animal fable.
Identified as the smartest animals in the group, the pigs—led by the idealistic Snowball and the ruthless Napoleon—successfully plan and lead the revolution.
After Jones and his wife are forced from the farm, the animals look forward to a society where all animals are equal and live without the threat of oppression.
Once partners and friends, Napoleon and Snowball disagree on several issues regarding the governing of the farm.
Snowball's attempted coup is repelled by a pack of wild dogs—controlled by Napoleon—who also enforce punishment against the other animals when they oppose or question Napoleon's rule.
In the subsequent years, Animal Farm has been interpreted from feminist, Marxist, political, and psychological perspectives, and it is perceived as an important and relevant book in the post-World War II literary canon. (novels, short novel, essays, diaries, and letters) 1986-1998 Down and Out in Paris and London (nonfiction) 1933 Burmese Days (novel) 1934 A Clergyman's Daughter (novel) 1935 Keep the Aspidistra Flying (novel) 1936 The Road to Wigan Pier (nonfiction) 1937 Homage to Catalonia (nonfiction) 1938 Coming Up for Air (novel) 1939 Inside the Whale, and Other Essays (essays) 1940 The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius (essays) 1941 Critical Essays (essays) 1946; also published as Dickens, Dali, and Others 1946 James Burnham and the Managerial Revolution (nonfiction) 1946 The English People (essays) 1947 Nineteen Eighty-Four (novel) 1949 Shooting an Elephant, and Other Essays (essays) 1950 England Your England, and Other Essays (essays) 1953; also published as Such, Such Were the Joys 1953 The Collected Essays, Journalism, and Letters of George Orwell. (essays, letters, and diaries) 1968 SOURCE: Review of Animal Farm, by George Orwell. [In the following review, the reviewer considers Orwell's views on revolution and dictatorship as expressed in Animal Farm.] Animals, as Swift well knew, make admirable interpreters of the satiric intention, and Mr.
Moreover, it is considered one of Orwell's most lasting achievements. George Orwell has turned his farm into a persuasive demonstration of the peculiar trick the whip wrested from the hands of a tyrant has of turning itself into a lash of scorpions and attaching itself to the new authority.On a larger scale, commentators widely view Animal Farm as an allegory for the rise and decline of socialism in the Soviet Union and the emergence of the totalitarian regime of Joseph Stalin.Critics regard the story as an insightful and relevant exploration of human nature as well as political systems and social behavior.Animal Farm ends with the majority of the animals in the same position as in the beginning of the story: disenfranchised and oppressed under a corrupt and brutal governing system.Major Themes Critics note that like many classical animal fables, Animal Farm is an allegory—in this case, of the Russian Revolution and the rise of Stalin's tyrannical government.Animal Farm (1945) is considered one of Orwell's most popular and enduring works.Utilizing the form of the animal fable, the short novel chronicles the story of a group of barnyard animals that revolt against their human masters in an attempt to create a utopian state.Before long, the pigs separate themselves from the other animals on the farm and begin to indulge in excessive drinking and other decadent behavior.Under the protection of the dogs, they consolidate their iron-fisted rule and begin eliminating any animal they consider useless or a threat to their power.The animals are naturally pleased with themselves when they rise in revolutionary fervour and chase the drunken farmer off his own land, and their enthusiasm survives the prospect of the labour and discipline that lie before them if the farm is to be properly worked.From the first, however, there are inequalities of brain and muscle, and the pigs gradually assume the intellectual leadership.