The story quietly satirizes the so-called great ruler as nothing great in front of the "level sands" of time.The poem develops only logically as the writer turns and twists the narration, satirizing the tyrant, specifically, and also suggesting the general theme of the vanity of power and pride.The traveler had described a broken statue of an ancient tyrant to this speaker.
The power wielded by Ozymandias comes through in the poem from specific word choices as well as from the overall image created.
"The sneer of cold command" on the face of the statue implies great power.
This and the wrinkled lip showed the "sneer of cold command" to the traveler.
It seems that the sculptor knowingly represented these features on the face to tell the future generations how cruel and inhuman this tyrant was.
The choice of words has played almost all the tricks discussed above.
The traveler being from an "antique" or the ancient land suggests that the empire was an old one.The poem Ozymandias is a satiric poem intended to convey the message that power and pride are vain and temporary possessions that make human beings arrogant and egotistical but time will treat everything and everyone equally.The situation of the poem is one in which the speaker is narrating to us what a "traveler from an antique land" had told him.These indicators have survived longer than the empire and even the whole form of the stone statue. The maker of the statue understood the meaning of the artificial facial expression that the tyrant puts on in order to arouse fear in the people.He must have also read the wickedness and cruelty on his face.The expressiveness of the carving gives further indication of the subject's character.Reference to the "shattered visage" tells us that the face of the statue was badly broken.The first thing to understand is how completely the desert sands are able to engulf and hide something like broken pieces of a statue.The ruins of the statue of Ozymandias must have been huge for them to remain uncovered, as is confirmed when the poem refers to "two vast and trunkless legs." The mere size of the original statue, therefore, is a first clue to the might and power of the person portrayed.Here was one of his enormous statues under which he had ordered the artist to write the words: "My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings… This suggests that the tyrant used to take it for granted that his name would be immortal in an everlasting empire of his, and therefore, the people would look at the statue and his "works" - whatever it means - and 'despair' out of awe, amazement and fear.In the letters carved on the pedestal, he has also addressed to "ye Mighty", meaning 'powerful' kings of the future; all of whom he had supposed would be much inferior to him.