While Hughes and Wilbur share a similar message in their poems, their points of view are very different. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich 1976 – New and Collected Poems.The simple, straightforward title of the poem “Mother to Son,” by the African-American poet Langston Hughes (1902-1967), clearly identifies both the speaker of the work and the person to whom her words are addressed.The very first line of the poem is typical of the rest of the work in its use of phrasing that is colloquial—that is, in this case, phrasing that implies one person speaking to another.Instead, they have been plain and “Bare,” an adjective...Well, son, I’ll tell you: Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair.The second line continues the emphasis on colloquial phrasing.The word “ain’t,” for instance, is clearly informal and unpretentious, implying either that the speaker has not been educated in a conventional way or that she is unconcerned with the niceties of formal education.Richard Wilbur's poem is also written in the first person, but the narrator does not address his daughter directly until the final stanza (31-33). However, the poems' points of view, contexts, and language show two parents who have traveled very different paths before offering their messages. The reader sees that parents' hopes and concerns for a child are universal, even though their expression differs. A careful glimpse at this literary analysis shows that Langston has skilfully employed these devices to express the sentiments of a mother and the reality of life.Poetic and literary devices are the same, but a few are used only in poetry.