In one condition, the beneficiary condition, the researchers asked the fundraisers to write about the last time a colleague did something for them that inspired gratitude.
In one condition, the beneficiary condition, the researchers asked the fundraisers to write about the last time a colleague did something for them that inspired gratitude.In the second condition, the benefactor condition, the participants wrote about a time they contributed to others at work.Tags: Essays On Poverty And In The United StatesFind My Dissertation ManchesterWebsite For Research PapersBrian Doyle Essays From Portland MagazineGender Roles In Modern Society EssayBuy Custom EssaysRequirements Of A Business PlanDissertation And HabilitationFree Research Proposal Papers
Mc Adams has been studying narrative identity for over 30 years.
In his interviews, he asks research subjects to divide their lives into chapters and to recount key scenes, such as a high point, a low point, a turning point or an early memory.
By taking the disparate pieces of our lives and placing them together into a narrative, we create a unified whole that allows us to understand our lives as coherent — and coherence, psychologists say, is a key source of meaning.
Northwestern University psychologist Dan Mc Adams is an expert on a concept he calls “narrative identity.” Mc Adams describes narrative identity as an internalized story you create about yourself — your own personal myth.
Like myths, our narrative identity contains heroes and villains that help us or hold us back, major events that determine the plot, challenges overcome and suffering we have endured.
When we want people to understand us, we share our story or parts of it with them; when we want to know who another person is, we ask them to share part of their story.For another, that experience might explain why he hates boats and does not trust authority figures.A third might leave the experience out of his story altogether, deeming it unimportant.An individual’s life story is not an exhaustive history of everything that has happened.Rather, we make what Mc Adams calls “narrative choices.” Our stories tend to focus on the most extraordinary events, good and bad, because those are the experiences we need to make sense of and that shape us. For one person, for example, a childhood experience like learning how to swim by being thrown into the water by a parent might explain his sense of himself today as a hardy entrepreneur who learns by taking risks.He has discovered interesting patterns in how people living meaningful lives understand and interpret their experiences.People who are driven to contribute to society and to future generations, he found, are more likely to tell redemptive stories about their lives, or stories that transition from bad to good.These people rate their lives as more meaningful than those who tell stories that have either no or fewer redemptive sequences.The opposite of a redemptive story is what Mc Adams calls a “contamination story,” in which people interpret their lives as going from good to bad.Since the fundraisers were paid a fixed hourly rate to call alumni and solicit donations, the researchers reasoned, then the number of calls they made during their shift was a good indicator of prosocial, helping behavior.After Grant and Dutton analyzed the stories, they found that fundraisers who told a story of themselves as benefactors ultimately made 30 percent more calls to alumni after the experiment than they had before.