Philosophy Essay On Utilitarianism

Philosophy Essay On Utilitarianism-48
Critics think that this makes utilitarianism unrealistic and too demanding.But in "Utilitarianism," Bentham's commitment to equality was radical in another way, too.A world in which this thing exists, or is possessed, or is experienced, is better than a world without it (all other things being equal). Something has instrumental value when it is a means to some end.

Critics think that this makes utilitarianism unrealistic and too demanding.But in "Utilitarianism," Bentham's commitment to equality was radical in another way, too.A world in which this thing exists, or is possessed, or is experienced, is better than a world without it (all other things being equal). Something has instrumental value when it is a means to some end.

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For example, the lives of masters were more important than slaves; the well-being of a king was more important than that of a peasant.

So in Bentham's time, this principle of equality was decidedly progressive.

But it received both its name and its clearest statement in the writings of English philosophers Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873).

Even today Mill's essay "Utilitarianism," which was published in 1861, remains one of the most widely taught expositions of the doctrine.

Utilitarianism gets its name from the term "utility," which in this context does not mean "useful" but, rather, means pleasure or happiness.

To say that something has intrinsic value means that it is simply good in itself.

The doctrine does not say that you should strive to maximize your own happiness.

Rather, your happiness is just that of one person and carries no special weight.

It lay behind calls on the government to pass policies that would benefit all equally, not just the ruling elite.

It is also the reason why utilitarianism is very far removed from any kind of egoism.

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