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GENERAL TYPES OF ESSAY ITEMS* RESTRICTED RESPONSE ESSAY ITEM- is one where the examinee is required to provide limited response based on a specified criterion for answering the question. Formulation of new questions BLOOM’S TAXONOMY essay questions* A.LEARNING OUTCOMES MEASURED EFFECTIVELY WITH ESSAY ITEMS* Illustrations or examples of principles E. Knowledge = example how Egypt came to be called the gift of Nile. Comprehension= what is meant when a person syas “I had to crossed the bridge”? Application= give at least three examples of how the law of supply operates in our economy today. Analysis= explain the causes and effects of the people power revolution on the political and social life of the Filipino. Synthesis= describe the origin and significance of the celebration of Christmas all over the world.
The key to taking advantage of these strengths, however, is construction of good multiple choice items.
A multiple choice item consists of a problem, known as the stem, and a list of suggested solutions, known as alternatives. A stem that presents a definite problem allows a focus on the learning outcome.
Following are four skills that students should have learned and practiced before taking essay exams: One of the downfalls of essay tests is that they lack in reliability.
Even when teachers grade essays with a well-constructed rubric, subjective decisions are made.
Reliability is defined as the degree to which a test consistently measures a learning outcome.
Multiple choice test items are less susceptible to guessing than true/false questions, making them a more reliable means of assessment.
The following ideas may be helpful as you begin to plan for a multiple choice exam: This information can help you identify areas in which students need further work, and can also help you assess the test itself: Were the questions worded clearly? If scores are uniformly high, for example, you may be doing everything right, or have an unusually good class.
On the other hand, your test may not have measured what you intended it to.
*Prepare enough questions to sample the material of the subject area broadly, within a reasonable limit.
Essay tests can evaluate more complex cognitive or thinking skills assuming that rote memory and recall tasks are assessed more appropriately through objectives tests as true-false and multiple choice questions.