Research Paper Footnotes

Research Paper Footnotes-65
If you cite your sources in your thesis or dissertation (or class paper) using numbered notes, you will usually have the option of using footnotes.

If you cite your sources in your thesis or dissertation (or class paper) using numbered notes, you will usually have the option of using footnotes.Unlike endnotes, which appear at the end of the paper (or sometimes at the end of each chapter), footnotes appear at the foot—the bottom—of the page.A "works cited" page is a list of all the works from which you have borrowed material.

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Unless your department specifies, choose footnotes rather than endnotes.

In most cases footnotes are easier to read than endnotes.

Because this makes it convenient for your reader, most citation styles require that you use either footnotes or endnotes in your paper.

Some, however, allow you to make parenthetical references (author, date) in the body of your work.

Sometimes they simply refer to relevant sources -- they let your reader know where certain material came from, or where they can look for other sources on the subject.

To decide whether you should cite your sources in footnotes or in the body of your paper, you should ask your instructor or see our section on citation styles.If you must include the footnote in the middle of a sentence for the sake of clarity, or because the sentence has more than one footnote (try to avoid this!), try to put it at the end of the most relevant phrase, after a comma or other punctuation mark.Here is an example: This is an illustration of a footnote.1 The number “1” at the end of the previous sentence corresponds with the note below. 1 At the bottom of the page you can insert your comments about the sentence preceding the footnote.When your reader comes across the footnote in the main text of your paper, he or she could look down at your comments right away, or else continue reading the paragraph and read your comments at the end.A "works consulted" page is a complement to a "works cited" page, listing all of the works you used, whether they were useful or not. The title is different because "works consulted" pages are meant to complement "works cited" pages, and bibliographies may list other relevant sources in addition to those mentioned in footnotes or endnotes.Choosing to title your bibliography "Works Consulted" or "Selected Bibliography" may help specify the relevance of the sources listed.Source citations in the Turabian manual come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography (or simply notes) and (2) author-date.These two systems are also sometimes referred to as Chicago-style citations, because they are the same as the ones presented in .This is especially true for discursive notes that include commentary on the text.(If your notes are very long or complex, however, endnotes may be the better choice.) Here’s how to format footnotes for a Chicago-style paper following the guidelines in Kate L.


Comments Research Paper Footnotes

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