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Papen dissolved the Reichstag again, but the July 1932 elections brought the Nazi party 37.3 percent of the popular vote, making it the largest political party in Germany.The Communists (taking votes from the Social Democrats in the increasingly desperate economic climate) received 14.3 percent of the vote.What were the causes of instability in Eastern Europe during the inter-war years?
Pensioners all over Germany were told that both the amounts and the buying power of their monthly checks would remain stable.
Using a deadlock among the partners in the "Grand Coalition" as an excuse, Center party politician and Reich Chancellor Heinrich Bruening induced the aging Reich President, World War I Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg, to dissolve the parliament in July 1930 and schedule new elections for September 1930.
To dissolve the parliament, the president used Article 48 of the German constitution.
This Article permitted the German government to govern without parliamentary consent and was to be applied only in cases of direct national emergency.
The Nazis pledged to restore German cultural values, reverse the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles, turn back the perceived threat of a Communist uprising, put the German people back to work, and restore Germany to its "rightful position" as a world power.
Hitler and other Nazi propagandists were highly successful in directing the population's anger and fear against the Jews; against the Marxists (Communists and Social Democrats); and against those the Nazis held responsible for signing both the armistice of November 1918 and the Versailles treaty, and for establishing the parliamentary republic.
What factors kept the Labour Party from establishing and maintaining control over the government?
Which was more important for Adolf Hitler's rise to power: his policy goals or the symbolism of the Nazi Party? Why were extremist political parties more successful during the inter-war years than they had been before World War One?
Hitler was a powerful and spellbinding orator who, by tapping into the anger and helplessness felt by a large number of voters, attracted a wide following of Germans desperate for change.
Nazi electoral propaganda promised to pull Germany out of the Depression.