For instance, Sullivan (2006) notes the various problems and challenges associated with the loose manner in which the term gang is used by the news and entertainment media, law enforcement and scholars alike.
For instance, Sullivan (2006) notes the various problems and challenges associated with the loose manner in which the term gang is used by the news and entertainment media, law enforcement and scholars alike.Tags: Good Problem Solving Skills ExamplesEssay On Health Care SystemDigital Theses And DissertationsAmerican Literature EssayPhd Thesis Writing SupportCitation Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingGlobe Business PlansResearch Topic PaperBuy Essays Online AustraliaLit Review Thesis Statement
Readers should note, however, the recurrent challenges in the field of gang research.
Several eminent gang researchers (e.g., Klein and Maxson, 2006; Esbensen, 2004; Reed and Decker, 2002) have observed that gang projects, programs and strategies have been, and continue to be, rarely evaluated.
Furthermore, as stated earlier, the majority of these responses have not been rigorously evaluated. program educated young people on the consequences of gang involvement and had modest positive effects on their attitudes toward the police, it failed to reduce youth gang membership or future delinquent behaviour (Esbensen, 2004). Despite the various limitations and challenges that have been identified, there are many lessons learned for those considering replicating this model. Irving Spergel and his colleagues at the University of Chicago collected and analyzed the policies and practices of agencies throughout the United States involved in combating gangs (Spergel et al., 2003).
For these and other reasons, the following are provided as selected examples of promising approaches that contain elements of good practice, as well as those approaches that appear not to work so well. program consists of four components: an elementary school curriculum; a middle school curriculum; family training; and, a summer program. Klein and Maxson (2006: 101) contend that four basic factors explain the failure of the G. From this work, Spergel developed a comprehensive model program to reduce and prevent gang crime and violence.
The National Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) of Public Safety Canada is committed to developing and disseminating practical knowledge to address the problem of youth gangs.
This research brief is designed to assist those who are concerned about youth gangs and who are working to help prevent youth from becoming involved in gangs or to help them leave gangs. Not only is it essential to know what works, it is equally important for us to know which youth gang responses are ineffective. The 13-session middle school component is the core, compulsory component. The model was piloted in the Little Village neighbourhood of Chicago, Illinois, starting in 1992. C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U. Policy makers and practitioners wish to avoid wasting time, money and resources doing things that we already know, through high-quality research, simply do not work. A five-year longitudinal evaluation found that, while the G. With some subsequent modifications, this design gave rise to the OJJDP Comprehensive Community-Wide Gang Model in 1995. They also want to know that the interventions they are supporting will produce more positive benefits than harmful side effects. Despite the fact that gang suppression is probably the best known and most practiced strategy in response to youth gang problems, it is generally regarded as less effective than many prevention and intervention approaches (Decker, 2007). This model program was implemented and tested in 5 sites across the United States: Bloomington-Normal, Illinois; Mesa, Arizona; Riverside, California; San Antonio, Texas; and Tucson, Arizona. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2002). As with suppression, incarceration alone does not work. is an example of primary prevention whereby the program is presented to entire classrooms without attempting to target active youth gang members or those youth who are at greatest risk for joining gangs. According to Wyrick (2005, 2007), the OJJDP has implemented this model in over 25 urban and rural locations since 1995. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2002). C.: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U. Despite the lack of quality evaluations that have been conducted to date to assess the effectiveness of youth gang prevention, intervention and suppression efforts, this literature review will provide an overview of some of the programs and practices that aim to address the complex issue of youth gangs. The main objective of this review is to develop a more comprehensive understanding of what works, what does not work, and what is promising in terms of addressing youth gang problems. Lastly, gang suppression programs usually involve specialized gang units (typically led by the police and/or criminal prosecutors) that target gang members and their illicit activities through aggressive enforcement of laws. program: To date, one of the best known and probably most evaluated responses to youth gangs is the U. Department of Justice's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) Comprehensive Community-Wide Gang Model. Given that literally hundreds, if not thousands, of varied responses have been developed and implemented over the years to respond to the youth gang problem, it is simply not possible or even practical to provide an overview and assessment of each and every one in the present review. It is essentially a balanced, three-pronged approach that encompasses prevention, intervention and suppression activities. “The Relationship Between Gang Membership and Inmate Recidivism.” Research Bulletin. Nonetheless, an assessment of the American experience is extremely useful to understanding and informing the work that needs to be carried out here in Canada. In preparing this document, information was gathered from many diverse sources.