Children in agriculture use dangerous tools, carry heavy loads, and apply harmful pesticides.
Many of these children are employed by their families as extra hands in the fields or sent out to work for their own food.
Family dynamics also contributed to child labour incidence rates.
Children in households with a large proportion of adults in the family are less likely to work.
Children can be categorised as performing child labour if they are under the age of 12 or performing hazardous work.
Children are categorised as performing hazardous work if they are involved in activities that may harm their physical, mental, or developmental health or safety.
These findings by Salmon (2005) indicate that children act as a source of income generation because households that maximise all human capital tend to be households that have incidences of child labour.
Many policies aimed at eradicating child labour have focused on increasing accessibility to education.
A combination of poor living standards in urban settings and an influx of cheap labour from children perpetuate both poverty and the use of child labour.
The prevalence of child labour can be attributed to the socioeconomic statuses of families living at or below the poverty line.