Between 20, UNICAMP was responsible for 450 national patent applications and 99 international patent applications via the Patent Cooperation Treaty.
Semi-structured interviews were used as the data collection technique, whereas content analysis was used as the analysis technique.
The main results showed the need of companies and universities to understand that working in collaborative technology research contributes to the transformation of applied research into technological innovations that can transform society.
Still another area of formal technology transfer is entrepreneurial science that employs the agreements all over the world in which knowledge is transferred into intellectual property.
Nevertheless, exportation of manufactured goods is also another formal channel of transferring technology from one country to the other such as cars, electronics etc.
Technology transfer could be so complicated at times to explore due to all the tasks require to be able to give a full analysis of what is involve and the process that one has to go through.
Although many people have tried tracing the source of precise technology and how it affected the originating culture and the role it has on history.Furthermore, licensing is another form formal channel of technology transfer.It is one of the inevitable when transferring technology from one country to the other.With this research, we were able to conclude that the university–industry interaction, in the cases studied, is in the process of improvement and needs to advance on organizational aspects.It is necessary that all of the investments return as new products, services and technologies that have a local, regional, national and even international impact, through the implementation of new types of businesses and new markets, thereby generating an economic impact to the country, namely, innovation.This article’s main objective is to investigate how the TT and the interaction between universities and companies happen in the cases analyzed.To achieve this purpose, the methodology used was the descriptive qualitative research based on the analysis of two cases.The research’s limitations were the unfeasibility of studying the government helix, the lack of clear and established processes within universities so that a comparison between the cases would be possible and the lack of access to technology contracts, as they are considered confidential.In addition, the use of two cases is considered a limitation, as it is not possible to generalize the conclusions pointed out by the study. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) licence.The methodology used for this study was the analysis of two cases with an exploratory and qualitative approach.The case study subjects were two Brazilian universities: University of Campinas (UNICAMP) and University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS).