Medical imaging studies are used to visualize the spine.
The displaced vertebrae will be clearly visible in the images and a physician can measure to determine the degree of displacement.
Retrolistheses are most easily diagnosed on lateral x-ray views of the spine.
Views, where care has been taken to expose for a true lateral view without any rotation, offer the best diagnostic quality.
When diagnosed with anterolisthesis, patients may find it helpful to ask about the available treatments and to get information about the risks and benefits of each.
The doctor can also discuss possible recovery time and other issues that may be important for the patient to know about.Retrolistheses are found most prominently in the cervical spine and lumbar region but can also be seen in the thoracic area.Spondylolisthesis was first described in 1782 by Belgian obstetrician Herbinaux.(C) Surgically treated with L5 - S1 decompression, instrumented fusion and placement of an interbody graft between L5 and S1.A retrolisthesis is a posterior displacement of one vertebral body with respect to the subjacent vertebra to a degree less than a luxation (dislocation).Anterolisthesis is a spinal disorder characterized by a dislocation of at least one vertebra relative to another.It occurs when an upper vertebral body, the main part of a vertebra, slips forward relative to the vertebra below.Fractures are the most common reason for anterolisthesis, although there can be other causes as well.This condition is most commonly observed with the fourth and fifth lumbar vertebrae, although it can arise in other regions of the spine.Arm pain radiculopathy follows the course of a spinal nerve in the cervical spine / neck that is compressed or chemically inflamed.Knowing the where the arm pain is in the arm and/or hand/fingers directs the doctor to the identity of the level of the spine where the problem starts.